Δευτέρα, 19 Δεκεμβρίου 2011

Bacstrom's Rosicrucian society

Bacstrom's Rosicrucian society

This article was first published in the Hermetic Journal No 6, 1979. *

Bacstrom's Rosicrucian society, Adam McLean .
Dr Sigismund Bacstrom was one of the most important scholars of alchemy in the last few centuries, being active at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century. Little is known of his life, except that he was probably of candinavian extraction, and that he spent a deal of his early life travelling around the world as a ship's surgeon. Later he was to settle in London and gather around him a small circle of contacts (including Ebenezar Sibley and General Rainsford), amongst whom he circulated a number of his own translations of alchemical texts from Latin, German, and French into English. This select group of people provided the vehicle for Bacstrom's impulse to reconnect people with the ancient wisdom of the alchemical tradition, and it seems that spiritually he sowed the seed for the rebirth of interest in alchemy later in the nineteenth century, which developed through Thomas South and his daughter Mary Anne Atwood, and later Frederick Hockley (1809-85) who seems to have had
copies in his own library of some of the Bacstrom manuscripts. Hockley's scholarship and library was in turn passed on to Ayton, Westcott and Mathers, and must have provided some of the material that was worked into the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. At much the same time, Madame Blavatsky also had access to Bacstrom material (particularly Bacstrom's translation of the 'Golden Chain of Homer', which she printed in 1891 in the theosophical journal Lucifer). 
Many volumes of his manuscripts are still extant and some are in private hands at present. It would be of the greatest value if some of this material could be made available to the public once again. 
It is important to realise that at the time when Bacstrom was collecting and translating alchemical material, there was little available in the outer world. Most of the great public collections and libraries only came into existence later in the nineteenth century. Bacstrom's material and his access to sources was of the greatest import, and he must have been one of the most knowledgeable men at that time in the alchemical tradition. It may be that he could not have achieved this without the aid of certain Rosicrucians with which he had definite connections. 
On 12th September 1794, Dr Sigismund Bacstrom was initiated into a Societas Roseae Crucis by Comte Louis de Chazal, on the island of Mauritius. The Count, then a venerable old man of some 96 years, seemed to have recognised in Bacstrom, his greatness as an hermetic student, and offered to take him on as a pupil and teach him the great work, and during this period, Bacstrom was allowed to perform a transmutation under Chazal's guidance and using his substances. Chazal seems to have obtained his own alchemical knowledge while he was in Paris in 1740, and J.W. Hamilton Jones in his edition of Bacstrom's Alchemical Anthology (1960 Stuart and Watkins, London) even suggests that his teacher was the Comte de St Cermain. 
When Bacstrom settled in London, one of his more important pupils was the scotsman Alexander Tilloch, the editor of the Philosophical Magazine, which concentrated on papers and articles of early scientific research. 
In 1980 I discovered Tilloch's own copy of his admission document to Bacstrom's Rosicrucian Society, which is signed by Bacstrom, in the Ferguson Collection at Glasgow University Library. I decided to print this admission document in its entirety as it gives a valuable insight into the type of organisation and principles which Bacstrom worked within. It is likely, considering the possible Comte de St Cermain connection, that this was the kind of Societas Roseae Crucis which was operating throughout the eighteenth century. There is attached to this document in the Ferguson Collection a further item of Rosicrucian Aphorisms - the Process of creating the Stone, which I will publish subsequently. 
When undertaking research for this article, I realised that A.E. Waite had in fact already reprinted this document in his Real History of the Rosicrucians (1887), as the submission of Bacstrom to join the Societas Roseae Crucis of Chazal, and which is signed by Chazal 1794, however, since this book of Waite's has been out of print for many years, and he does not give any reference as to sources, I have decided to go ahead and print the Tilloch version which is an exact copy of that which is found in Waite. 
This initiation document consists of fourteen promises or obligations, most of which are quite straightforward. One important item is the fourth obligation, which has a long concluding paragraph on the equal rights of women in regard to membership of the Societas Roseae Crucis. This is very important when seen against the historical background. It seems to indicate that the Rosy Cross remained a separate stream from the Freemasons, which was (and still is) quite strongly patriarchal and would not allow woman as members. In article 9 there is an indication of a rather critical attitude towards the established Church of the time. However, the charity of the brotherhood in curing the sick is curious restricted in obligation 13. 
Bacstrom translated many volumes of alchemical texts, and one wonders just where he obtained his source material.
Perhaps we have in Bacstrom a direct connection through Chazal and the Comte de St Germain with a continuing stream of Rosicrucian mystery wisdom. We should come to see that Bacstrom did not found his little alchemical school on his own resources, but that behind him lay this esoteric Order of the Rose Cross which provided him with the material and impulse to continue and develop the alchemical science. All students of alchemy in the twentieth century owe a profound debt of gratitude to the unseen work of this little-known man, Bacstrom, in gathering and translating alchemical material, and inspiring others to work with the wisdom he recognised in the ancient alchemical texts. 

In the name of Jehovah Elohim 

the true and only God manifested in Trinity 

I do hereby promise, in the most sincere and solemn manner, faithfully to observe the following articles, during the whole course of my natural life, to the best of my knowledge and ability; which articles I hereby confirm by oath and by my proper signature hereunto annexed. 

One of the worthy members of the August most ancient and most learned Society, the Investigators of Divine, Spiritual and Natural Truth (which Society, more than two centuries and a half ago, did separate themselves from the Freemasons, but were again united in one spirit amongst themselves under the denomination of Fratres Roseae Crucis Brethren of the Rosy Cross - that is the Brethren that believe in the grand atonement made by Jesus Christ on the Rosy Cross, stained and marked with his blood for the Redemption of Spiritual Nature *) having thought me worthy to be admitted into their august society, in quality of a Practical Member and Brother (one degree above a Member apprentice) and to partake of their sublime knowledge, I hereby engage in the most solemn manner. 

[* Laying naked at the same time our universal microcosmical subject (ChADMH), the best magnet for continually attracting and preserving the Universal Fire of Nature, in the form of incorporeal spiritual Nitre, for the regeneration of matter.] 

1. That I will always, to the utmost of my power, conduct myself, as becomes a worthy member, with sobriety and piety, and endeavour to Prove myself grateful to the Society for so distinguished a favour as I now receive, during the whole course of my natural life. 

2. I will never openly publish that I am a member of this august Society, nor reveal the name or Persons of such members as I know at present or may know hereafter, to avoid derision, insult or persecution. 

3. I solemnly promise that I will never during my whole life prostitute, that is publicly reveal, the secret knowledge I receive at present or may receive at a future Period from the Society or from one of its members, nor even privately, but will keep our secrets sacred. 

4. I do hereby promise that I will instruct, for the benefit of good men, before I depart this life, one person, or two persons at most, in our secret knowledge, and initiate and receive such person (or persons) as a Member Apprentice into our Society, in the same manner as I have been initiated and received (in quality of a Practical member and brother); but such a person only as I believe to be truly worthy and of an upright well meaning mind, blameless conduct, sober life and desirous of knowledge.  And, as there is no distinction of sexes in the spiritual world, neither amongst the blessed Angels nor among the rational immortal spirits of the Human race; and as we have had a Semiramis, Queen of Egypt, a Myriam, the prophetess, a Peronella, the wife of Flamel, and lately a Leona Constantia, Abbess of Clermont, who was actually received as a practical Member and Master into our Society in the year 1796, which women are believed to have been all possessors of the Great Work, consequently Sorores Roseae Crucis and members of our Society by possession, as the possession of this our art is the key to the most hidden knowledge. And moreover as redemption was manifested to mankind by means of a woman (the Blessed Virgin), and as salvation, which is of infinitely more value than our whole Art, is granted to the female sex as well as to the male, our Society does not exclude a worthy woman from being initiated, God himself not having excluded women from partaking of every spiritual felicity in the next life. We will not hesitate to receive a worthy woman into our Society as a member apprentice, (and even as a practical member or master if she does possess our work practically and has herself accomplished it), provided she is found, like Peronella, Flamel's wife, to be sober, pious, discreet, prudent, not loquacious, but reserved, of an upright mind and blameless conduct, and withall desirous of knowledge. 

5. I do hereby declare that I intend with the permission of God to recommence our Great Work with my own hands, as soon as circumstances, health, opportunity and time will permit, that I  first - I may do good therewith as a faithful steward  second - that I may merit the continued confidence which the Society has placed in me in quality of a practical member. 

6. I do further most solemnly promise that (should I accomplish the Great Work) I will not abuse the great power entrusted to me by appearing great and exalted, or seeking to appear in a Public character in the world, by hunting after vain titles of Nobility and vain glory, which are all fleeting and vain; but will endeavour to live a sober and orderly life as becomes every Christian, though not possessed of so great a temporal blessing. I will devote a considerable part of my abundance and superfluity (Multipliable infinitely) to works of private charity, to aged and deeply distressed people, to poor children, and above all to such as love God and act uprightly, and will avoid encouraging laziness and the profession of public beggars. 

7. I will communicate every new or useful discovery relating to our Work to the nearest member of our Society and hide nothing from him, seeing he cannot, as a worthy member, possibly abuse it or prejudice me thereby. On the other hand, I will hide these secret discoveries from the world. 

8. I do moreover solemnly promise (should I become a Master and possessor) that I will not, on the one hand, assist, aid, or support with Gold or Silver, any Government, King, or Sovereign whatever, except by paying of taxes, nor, on the other, any populace, or particular set of men, to enable them to revolt against their Government. I will leave public affairs and arrangements to the Government of God, who will bring about the events foretold in the Revelations of St. John, which are fast accomplishing. I will not interfere with affairs of Government. 

9. I will neither build churches, chapels, nor hospitals and such public charities, as there are already a sufficient number of such public buildings and institutions, if they were only properly applied and regulated. I will not give a Salary to a Priest or Churchman as such to make him more proud and indolent than he is already. If I relieve a distressed worthy clergyman, I will consider him in the light of a Private distressed individual only. I Will give no charity with the view of making my name known in the world, but Will give my alias privately 

10. I hereby promise that I will never be ungrateful to the worthy friend and brother who initiated and received me, but respect and Oblige him as far as lies in my power, in the same manner as he has been obliged to promise to his friend who received him. 

11. Should I travel either by sea or by land and meet with any person that may call himself a Brother of the Rosy Cross, I will try him whether he can give me a proper explanation of the universal fire of Nature and of our Magnet for attracting and manifesting the same under the form of a salt, whether he is well acquainted with our work, and whether he knows the universal dissolvent and its use. If I find him able to give satisfactory answers, I will acknowledge him as a member and a brother of our Society. Should I find him superior in knowledge and experience to myself, I Will honour and respect him as a Master above me. 

12. If it should please God to Permit me to accomplish our Great Work With my own hands, I will Give praise and thanks to God in humble prays: and devote my time to the doing and promoting all the good that lies in my power and to the pursuit of true and useful knowledge. 

13. I do hereby Solemnly promise that I will not encourage wickedness and debauchery, thereby offending God, administer the Medicine for the human body, nor the Aurum Potabile to a patient or patients infected with the venereal disease. 

14. I do promise that I Will never give the fermented metallic medicine for transmutation, to any Person living, no not a single grain, unless the person is an initiated and received Member and Brother of the Society of the Rosy Cross.  To keep faithfully the above articles as I now receive them from a worthy member of our Society, as he received them himself in the Mauritius, I willingly agree and sign the above with my name and affix my seal to the same, so help me God. Amen. 

In testimony that I have initiated and received Alexander Tilloch Esq. in quality of Practical Member and Brother, a degree above a Member Apprentice, on account of his practical knowledge and philosophical acquirements, I have hereunto set my hand and seal,  Sigismund Bacstrom M.D. London April 5. 1797.



* Hermetic Journal

The Hermetic Journal started out as a quarterly journal dedicated to the hermetic tradition, edited by Adam McLean. The first issue was released in August 1978 and publication continued until 1992.
The Hermetic Journal explored alchemy and hermetic philosophy from various angles and attracted a wide range of contributors. It addressed a readership which had a deep interest in hermeticism and although the editor was open to articles of a speculative nature he always tried to encourage scholarly research into hermetic philosophy. It was primarily available only through subscription, and had a small circulation of about three to four hundred readers. It did not attempt to proselytise or reach a wider readership, but built up a network of people interested in furthering the investigation of alchemy and hermetic philosophy.
Back issues of the Hermetic Journal are still available bound in paperback editions (about 176 pages), each covering a year. The entire back issues of the Hermetic Journal is now available on CD-ROM.

List of articles in the Hermetic Journal


Transmutation and Resurrection - Gareth Knight
The Golden Chain of Homer
A Satanist's Diary
Alexander Von Suchten: The Sweat on a Philosopher's Brow - Michael Jones
Divinatory Geomancy: An Hermetic Art - Stephen Skinner
A Vision - Kelly and Dee
The Science of Ayurveda: A Hindu Alchemy - Sri Lokanath
The Glyphs of the Planets - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala Number 1
The Secret Fire of the Alchemists - Kenneth Clark
Ourselves - Cottie Burland
Creative Symbolism - Patricia Villiers-Stuart
Interpreting a Magical Diagram - Adam McLean
Hermetic Meditation No. 2
Paganism and the Hermetic Occult Tradition: Part One - M.A. Howard
The Seal of Aemeth and the Seal of God
Fire and Water - Richard Gardner
Alchemical Mandala No 2
The Four Fire Festivals Part One: Samhuinn - Colin Murray
Alchemy in Scotland

The Feminine Partner in the Alchemical Dance - Magenta Wise
Paganism and the Hermetic Occult Tradition : Part Two - M. A. Howard
The Spiritual Implications of Nuclear Power - Adam McLean
Hermetic Meditation No 3
Dr John Dee's Hieroglyphic Monad - Gareth Knight
The First Matter - Kenneth Clark
Alchemical Mandala No 3
The Four Fire Festivals : Part Two : Brigantia - Colin Murray
The Zodiac and the Flashing Colours - Ithell Colquhoun
Colour and the Two Sigils- Ithell Colquhoun
A Rosicrucian Alchemical Mystery Centre in Scotland - Adam McLean
Hermetic Meditation No 4
Number and Space - Patricia Villiers-Stuart
Alchemical Mandala No 4
The Golden Chain of Homer : Part Four
The Fountain Allegory of Bernard of Treviso
Fulcanelli - Kenneth Rayner Johnson
The Rosicrucian Canons of Benedict Hilarion
The Four Fire Festivals : Part Three : Beltane
A Rosicrucian Manuscript of Michael Maier - Adam McLean
Hermetic Meditation No 5
The Uroboros - Kenneth Clark
The Birds in Alchemy - Adam McLean
Gargoyle Evokation - Jon Symon
Alchemical Mandala No 5
Some Light on Kundalini - Nancy Ogle
A Foundation - Richard Gardner
The Four Fire Festivals : Part Four : Lugnassad - Colin Murray
A Possible Origin for the Enochian Calls - Geoffrey James
Hermetic Meditation No 6
Memoir of E.J.L. Garstin - Ithell Colquhoun
Notes on the Colouring of the Homer's Golden Chain Diagram - Ithell Colquhoun
The Forty Worlds of the Holy Lamb - Michael Becket
Bacstrom's Rosicrucian Society - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No 6
Robert Fludd's Spiritual Task - Adam McLean

Ceremonial Magick : Part One - Hans Nintzel
The Crowning of Nature - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No 7
Hermetic Meditation No 7
Towards Occult Christianity - Joe Kelley
Spiritual Contact with an Alchemical Master - Kenneth Rayner Johnson
Alchemy in the Open - Nancy Ogle
Robert Fludd's Temple of Music - Translated by Todd Barton
Reviews and Book Notices
The Rosicrucian Emblems of Daniel Cramer - Adam McLean
The Virga Aurea - Adam McLean
Capillary Dynamolysis - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No 8
The Dancing Maidens - Michael Jones
Palingenesis - Kenneth Rayner Johnson
An Experiment to Grow a Tree of Silver - Adam McLean
Hermetic Meditation No 8
The Mirror of Wisdom - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No 9
The Ethers and the Fundamental Forces of Physics - Adam McLean
The Monas Hieroglyphica - Peter Dawkins
The Alchemy of the Earth Forces - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No 10
The Hermetic Garden of Daniel Stolcius - Adam McLean
The International Alchemical Symposium, 1980 - Nancy Ogle
Hermetic Meditation No 9
The Metalline Vapour - Michael Watson
The Tarot, the Seasons and the Five Chinese Elements - Swami Prem Sudheer

The Astral Light, the Prime Material and the Universal Mercury - Michael Watson
Whither Magic? - Stephen Skinner
Some Hermetic Reflections on the "Earth Mysteries" - Swami Prem Sudheer
The Rosary of the Philosophers - Adam McLean
Constructing a Magical Mirror according to The Art Of Cyprian - Adam McLean
Squaring the Circle of 13 - Patricia Villiers-Stuart
Some Notes on the Work of Louis Kervran - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No. 11
Hermetic Meditation No 10
Alchemy and Qabalah - Hans Nintzel
Rasayana : The Natha School of Alchemy - Lokanatha
Jane Leade's Revelation of Revelations - Adam McLean
A Kabbalistic-Alchemical Altarpiece - Adam McLean
Muller's Process
Hermetic Meditation No 11
Heinrich Khunrath - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No. 12
An Interview with Arturo Schwarz
Splendor Solis - Adam McLean
The Confessio of Heinrich Khunrath
A Lullist Alchemical Illustration - Adam McLean
The Reversed Lord's Prayer - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No 13
Advances in Physical Alchemy -
Modern Taoist Transmutations - Mobius Rex
Archibald Cockren: Modern Alchemist - Patricia Tahil
Hermetic Meditation No. 12
Meyrink's Der Golem: A Study in Alchemical Transformation - D. M. Cooley
Alchemical Principles in Agriculture: An Outline - Adam McLean
Man and His Souls - Nicolas N. Tereshchenko
A Key to the Letters of the Q.B.L - Violet Smyth
The Aurora Consurgens - Simon Seligman
Jacob Boehme - Adam McLean
De Cabala Alchymica or The Alchemical Tree of Life - Rafal T. Prinke
Working with Practical Alchemy No. 1
Alchemical Mandala No. 14

The Mutus Liber - Adam McLean
Spagyric Medicine Revived - Paul Baines
Michael Sendivogius - Adept or Imposter - Rafal T. Prinke
Planning the Apocalypse - Michael Jones
Alchemical Mandala No. 15
Historical Note Concerning the Emerald Tablet
Working with Practical Alchemy No. 2
Four Basic Patterns of Indian and Western Alchemical Thought - Arturo Schwarz
Johannes Trithemius - Adam McLean
Dr Rudd's Treatise - Some New Insights Into the Enochian System
Rosicrucian Aphorisms and Process from a Manuscript of Sigismund Bacstrom
Working With Practical Alchemy No. 3
Alchemical Mandala No. 16
Light on the Castle Path - Deirdre Green
Dew and Dew Ponds - Paul Baines
The Mythology of the Qabalah - P. Harrill James
The Brave Old World of Alchemy - Patricia Tahil
Robert Fludd's Great Treatise of Rosicrucian Science - Adam McLean
Working with Practical Alchemy No. 4
Alchemical Mandala No. 17
The Teaching of Gurdjieff - Nicolas N. Tereshchenko
Alchemical Mandala No. 18
An Hermetic Interpretation of the Tarot - Adam McLean
The Alchemical Tarot - Rafal T. Prinke
The Myth of the Fall and Goethe's Fairy Tale - Adam McLean
Working with Practical Alchemy No. 5

Was Jacob Boehme a Paracelsian? - Russell H. Hvolbek
Alchemical Mandala No 19
The Naometria of Simon Studion - Adam McLean
Fundamental Physics: Recapitulation of the Archetypes of the Ancient Alchemists - Adam McLean
The Triple Goddess - Adam McLean
Working with Practical Alchemy No. 6
Freher's Mystical Emblems - Adam McLean
The Metaphysical Implications of Quantum Theory - Adam McLean
An Early Rosicrucian Text : Cabala: Mirror of Art and Nature - Translated by Gisela Kirberg
Alchemical Mandala No. 20
The Cosmological Structure of the Zohar - Paul Krzok
Messenger of the Rosy Cross - Adam McLean
Working With Practical Alchemy No. 7
The Retrieval of Alchemy - Elemire Zolla
The Balance of Gold and Silver - Michael Jones
An Hermetic Origin of the Tarot Cards? A Consideration of the Tarocchi of Mantegna - Adam McLean
The Second Little World - Andrew Mouldey
An Alchemical Gate in Rome - Adam McLean
The School of Gerona : Restoring an Ancient Kabbalistic Centre in Spain - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No. 21
A Look at Alchemical Transmutation from the Viewpoint of Fundamental Physics - Adam McLean
A Look at The Bahir - Paul Krzok
The Inner Geometry of Alchemical Emblems - Adam McLean
Pathworking and Inner Journeys - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No. 22
Passages to the Otherworld - Deirdre Green
Edward Kelley - Adam McLean
Otto, Eliade, Jung and the Sacrality of Matter - Andrew Mouldey

1484-1984 500th Anniversary of the Building of the Vault of Christian Rosenkreutz - Adam McLean
The Magical "Art" - Robert Ellaby
Charity of Light: A Zoroastrian Re-Reading of the Grail Romances - Elemire Zolla
Alchemical Mandala No 23
Quantum Consciousness - Adam McLean
Microcosmic Reflections - Andrew Mouldey
The Kundalini Enigma - Lokanath Maharaj
The Ripley Scroll - Adam McLean
The Phoenix and Cinderella - Wolfe van Brussell
An Esotericist Looks at Cosmology - Adam McLean
Meditation : Balancing our Inner World - Adam McLean
The Symbolism of the Rosicrucian Vault - Dr. Deirdre Green
Early Symbolism of the Rosy Cross : Searching for a Link with Tradition - Rafal T. Prinke
The Fourth Rosicrucian Manifesto ? The Mirror of Wisdom of Theophilus Schweighardt
Computers and Occultism - Lokanath Maharaj
Alchemical Mandala No. 24
Obituary for Frater Albertus
Homo Quadratus - Andrew Mouldey
Hermetic Allegory No. 1
The Search for a Sound Philosophical Basis for Esotericism - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No. 25
The Alchemical Emblems of Mylius - Adam McLean
A Glimpse of a Western Lineage

A Door will Open for Europe - Marcel Messing
Alchemical Mandala Number 26
Spiritual Cosmology in Modern Science - Adam McLean
Hermetic Allegory Number 2
Obituary for Israel Regardie
Hermetic Art: Gnostic Alchemy of the Imagination - A.C. Evans
Meditation on the Name of God - Gavin S. Bennett
Through a Glass, Darkly - Pete Ludbey
The Wroclaw Codex of the Magical Calendar - Rafal T. Prinke
Emblematic Meditation - Adam McLean
A Context for Michael Maier's Atalanta Fugiens - Joscelyn Godwin
Number in the Philosophy of the Hermetic Magus John Dee 1527-1608 - Chris Pickering
The Magical Aphorisms of Eugenius - Thomas Vaughan
Alchemical Mandala Number 27
The Kabbalistic Diagrams of Knorr von Rosenroth
The Lemegetton Revealed - Kevin Wilby
Hermetic Allegory Number 3
Lampado Trado: From the Fama Fraternitatis to the Golden Dawn - Rafal T. Prinke
Enochian Chess: A Magickal Vehicle for the Twenty First Century - Steve Nichols
The Four Angelic Tablets - Christian Wilby
The Ritual of the Hieroglyphic Monad - Thomas R. Hall III
Common Ground - Rab Wilkie
The Dream of Poliphilus : A Source for the Allegory of the Chymical Wedding - Adam McLean

The Seven Palaces in Early Jewish Mysticism - Dr Deirdre Green
The Alchemical Vessel as Symbol of the Soul - Adam McLean
A Method of Photographing Etheric Energy Without the need of Special Operator Properties - Michael Watson
Alchemical Mandala Number 28
Gnostic Magic and Jacob Boehme - Harald Sundt III
The Scryers of John Dee - Chris Pickering
The Equinoxes and Solstices : An Interpretation Part I : The Summer Solstice - Graham Knight
Etheric Emblems - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No. 29
Saint-Yves d'Alveydre and the Agarthian Connection - Joscelyn Godwin
The Origins of the Western Tradition in the Ancient World - Stephen Ronan
The Conjurer John Dee : The Myth 1555-1608 - Chris Pickering
Shakespeare and the Rosicrucians - Ron Heisler
Alchemical Mandala Number 30
The Practice of the Art of the Pyramid - Thomas R. Hall III
The Equinoxes and Solstices : An Interpretation Part 2: The Autumn Equinox - Graham Knight
A Comparison of the Prayer of the Apostle Paul with the Hymns of Corpus Hermeticum and some Greek Magical Papyri - David R. Fideler
Two Prayers for Alchemists - Karl von Eckarthausen
A Threefold Alchemical Journey through The Book of Lambspring - Adam McLean
A Note on the Paintings of N.K. Roerich - Elemire Zolla
A Kabbalistic Interpretation of Hebrew Memorial Inscription - G.S. Bennett
Alchemical Mandala No 31
The Equinoxes and Solstices : An Interpretation Part 3: The Winter Solstice - Graham Knight

The Key to Hermetic Philosophy - Joseph R. Ritman
Speculations on the Monad and its Mathematics - Chris Pickering
Introduction to the Hermetic Adepti - Ron Heisler
The Fountain of Philosophers - Mark Haeffner
Deeper Roots of the Golden Dawn - Rafal Prinke
The Little Key to the Gate of the Palace of Pentagrams - Harald Sundt
Fractal Universes, Recursion and our Inner World - Adam McLean
Notes on the "Twelve Keys" of Basil Valentine - Adam McLean
Alchemical Mandala No 32
Yeats and the Unknown Superiors: Swedenborg, Falk and Cagloiostro - Marsha Keith Schuchard
The Name of God and the Covenant of Abraham - Gavin S. Bennett
Altar of the Theraphic Brotherhood Fraternitatis Crucis Roseæ
The Sevenfold Kabbalah - Paul Krzok
Hermetic Symbolism in a Masonic Engraving - Adam McLean
The Occult Centre in Cracovia - Rafal T. Prinke
Palaces, Mansions and Shells in a Kabbalistic Diagram of Rosenroth
The Statue and the Seed: The Mountains of the Moon - Graham Knight
The Mute Book of Angels - Kevin Wilby
Daath, Kether and the Event Horizon - Gavin S. Bennett

The Poetry of Alchemy - Mark Haeffner
Kabbalistic Cosmology and its Parallels in the 'Big Bang' of Modern Physics - Adam McLean
A Rosicrucian Emblem - Adam McLean
Shaping the Cubic Stone : Masonic Symbolism in Lambert de Lintot's Engraving - R.A. Gilbert
Symbolism of the Black Hole Egg - George Burnett-Stuart
Report on the Alchemical Workshop - John Fitzpatrick
Lilith and the Primal Water - Graham Knight
The Alchemical Tarot Deck: Part One - Rafal T. Prinke
The 49 Powers in Kabbalah - Paul Krzok
The Alchemical Drama of Goethe's Faust - Adam McLean
Gnostic Cosmogeny - Martin Levin
The Twelve Figures of Orthelius - Thomas Willard
Theodorus of Asine and the Kabbalah - Stephen Ronan
Al-Kemi : Hermetic, Occult, Political, and Private Aspects of R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz. - A review of André VandenBroeck's book by - Joscelyn Godwin
Reviews and Book Notices

The Alchemical Salt - Charles Upton
The Four-fold Shin and the Gates of Creation - Graham Knight
The Sky-Father-God The Earth-Mother-Goddess and the Opening of the Mystic Gate - James Clark
Report on Gröningen Conference on Alchemy
Rosicrucianism: The First Blooming in Britain - Ron Heisler
Hermetic Heraldry - Rafal Prinke
The Consideratio Brevis of Philip à Gabella - Translated by Christopher Atton
An Allegorical Letter about an Alchemical Adept
The Number Philosophy of Philo of Alexandria - David Moir
Monas Hieroglyphica and the T'ai Hsuan Ching: Extrapolation and Synthesis - Andrew Gaze
Michael Maier and England - Ron Heisler
A New Look at an Old Anachronism - Nicholas Tereshchenko
Kabbalistic and Pythagorean Theory - Robin Waterfield
Robert Fludd: A Picture in Need of Expansion - Ron Heisler
Transformations of the Alchemical King in the Allegories of Merlin and Duenech

The Impact of Freemasonry on Elizabethan Literature - Ron Heisler
Michael Sendivogius and Christian Rosenkreutz - Rafal Prinke
Some Hidden Sources of the Florentine Renaissance - Graham Knight
A Short Confession of Henry Khunrath
The Everburning Lights ascribed to Trithemius
The Vision of Ben Adam
The Sevenfold Adam Kadmon and His Sephiroth - Paul Krzok
The Spine in Kabbalah - Paul Krzok
Philip Ziegler - The Rosicrucian "King of Jerusalem" - Ron Heisler
Towards Gnosis: Exegesis of Valle-Inclán's la lampara Maravillosa. - Robert Lima
The Journey of Frederick Gall
General Rainsford : An Alchemical and Rosicrucian Enthusiast - Adam McLean
A Letter from a Hermetic Philosopher from Ms in British Library
Shakespeare and Rosicrucianism - Ron Heisler
Two Diagrams of D.A. Freher
Some Golden Moments - Nick Kollerstrom


The Book of Lambsprinck: An Interpretation - Guido Martens
Solidified Mercury: An Outline - D. Lloyd Thomas
Hargrave Jennings - Joscelyn Godwin
The Blacke Toade - Rafal T. Prinke
A Conference betwixt Philochrysus and Philadelphus on the Philadelphian Gold
East of Eden: Biblical Knowing and the Inner Elixir within a Kabbalistic Speculum - Gavin S. Bennett
[Al]chemical Imagery in the Poetry of Garcilaso de la Vega - Daniel L. Heiple
Hieronymous Bosch, 'Psychedelic' Art, Alchemy, and Bon Religion - Ezio Albrile
A Source for Robert Fludd's Sevenfold Rose
Alchemical Agriculture - A recipe for an alchemical fertilizer from an Eighteenth century manuscript
Seven Illustrations to the Works of Jacob Boehme Extracted from a Walton manuscript
The Glory of Light or a short treatise showing Urim and Thummim to be made by Art - Transcribed from   Ms. Ashmole 1415


The Epistle of Dr. Hadrianus a Mynsicht: A Rosicrucian Alchemical Allegory - Alberto I. LaCava, Ph.D., FRC
John Dee and the Secret Societies - Ron Heisler
An Infallible Touchstone
Zosimos and the Inner Temple - Graham Knight
The Fountain of the Lovers of the Science
A Behemist Circle in Victorian England - Joscelyn Godwin
Michael Sendivogius and the Statuts des Philosophes Inconnus - Zbigniew Sydlo
Oath of an Adept
Foam of the Moon - Graham Knight
The Forgotten English Roots of Rosicrucianism - Ron Heisler
Michael Maier's Intellectual cantilenae on the resurrection of the Phoenix - Mike Dickman
Wood and Metal - Kabbalistic Orientation and Elementary Alchemical Returning - Gavin Bennett
Glauber's Dialogue on the Alchemical Process
Christopher Walton's Theosophic Symbols - Adam McLean
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