Μαρία η Ιουδαία - Mary the Jewess
Μαρία η Ιουδαία, από το βιβλίο του Michael Maier Symbola Aurea Mensae, 1617.
Mary or Maria the Jewess (Latin: Maria Prophetissima), also known as Mary or Miriam the Prophetess, is an early alchemist who is known from the works of the Gnostic Christian writer Zosimos of Panopolis.
The figure of Maria Prophetissima may have been developed from Miriam, a sister of Moses. On the basis of Zosimos's comments, she lived between the first and third centuries A.D. Taylor and Lippmann list her as one of the first alchemical writers, dating her works at no later than the first century. She is credited with the invention of several kinds of chemical apparatus and is considered to be the first true alchemist of the Western world.